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Appeal to the BRICS: Show your solidarity with the people of Syria
International Federation of Human Rights
25 March 2013
One year ago at a summit in Delhi, the BRICS - Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa - joined together to express deep concern at the current situation in Syria and called for an immediate end to all violence and violations of human rights in that country. 

Tragically, that call was not heeded.  

Since March 29, 2012 when the BRICS Delhi Declaration was adopted, the death toll in Syria has risen from 9,000 to more than 70,000.  The UN estimates that 4 million people are in need of humanitarian aid and nearly 3 million people are internally displaced or are refugees, two-thirds of these are women and children. With 8,000 Syrians now fleeing every day, the total number of refugees could triple to 3 million by the end of the year at current rates. 

The people of Syria are living a nightmare of death, injury, illegal detention, rape, torture and displacement. Schools and hospitals have been targeted, children as young as eight have been used as human shields, and one in every three Syrian children has been injured. The conflict has already spilled over into neighboring states, and poses a substantial threat to regional stability with ramifications that could last for decades. Yet while efforts to bring a halt to the conflict appear stalled, the humanitarian response to mitigate this crisis remains dramatically insufficient and under resourced. 

Extensive food aid distribution and shelter are urgently needed, as well as essential medical care, and education. Yet the UN, uniquely mandated to coordinate international humanitarian assistance, is fundamentally limited in its ability to respond, hampered by both internal and external movement restrictions. Combined with a lack of full funding for record breaking appeals this means that the basic humanitarian needs of millions of Syrians are not being met. 
As they meet in Durban, the BRICS countries should demonstrate their solidarity with the people of Syria and take meaningful steps to address the plight of Syria’s people. We urge to them to make a public appeal to President Assad to grant the UN unimpeded humanitarian access so that it can reach civilians from across all Syria’s borders; anytime and anywhere. The appeal to the Syrian government could be joined by a call on armed opposition groups to grant safe passage to relief convoys and personnel into the territories within their control.  

While the Syrian government has granted the UN permission to undertake limited aid deliveries across conflict lines, it has not yet responded to frequent UN calls for full humanitarian access to the country from across all of its borders. Enabling the UN full access is the only way to ensure a coordinated, impartial response that can effectively address the escalating humanitarian crisis throughout Syria. It is also an appeal that accords with international humanitarian law, under which the parties to a conflict must allow and facilitate rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief for civilians in need. 

Urgent action must be taken now to ease the suffering of millions of Syrians. 
We strongly believe this appeal to grant the UN unfettered humanitarian access is one on which BRICS countries can come together to encourage the Syrian government to ensure that the UN is able to fulfill its essential humanitarian role. (…)

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